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Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) causes respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia, and has been reported to cause acute flaccid myelitis. Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is known to cause cardiopulmonary failure due to brainstem encephalitis, but there have been few reports of these conditions being associated with EV-D68. Outbreaks of EV-D68 infection have occurred... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ CASE REPORTS - recent articles
By Yogo, N., Imamura, T., Muto, Y., Hirai, K.
ABSTRACTKidney disease affects almost 15% of the US population, and prevalence is anticipated to grow as the population ages and the obesity epidemic continues due to Western dietary practices. The densely caloric Western diet, characterized by high animal protein and low fruit and vegetable content, has fueled the growth of... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTEpidemiologic cohort studies enrolling a large percentage of vegetarians have been highly informative regarding the nutritional adequacy and possible health effects of vegetarian diets. The 2 largest such cohorts are the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition–Oxford (EPIC-Oxford) and the Adventist Health Study–2 (AHS-2). These cohorts are described and... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTClimate protection and other environmental concerns render it critical that diets and agriculture systems become more sustainable. Mathematical optimization techniques can assist in identifying dietary patterns that both improve nutrition and reduce environmental impacts. Here we review 12 recent studies in which such optimization was used to achieve nutrition and... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTAlthough a high intake of plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and legumes has been recommended for chronic disease prevention, it has been unclear what is the optimal amount of intake of these foods and whether specific subtypes are particularly beneficial. The evidence from several recently published... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTTo update the European Association for the Study of Diabetes clinical practice guidelines for nutrition therapy, we conducted an umbrella review and updated systematic review and meta-analysis (SRMA) of prospective cohort studies of the association between dietary pulses with or without other legumes and cardiometabolic disease outcomes. We searched the... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - open access
ABSTRACTTo update the European Association for the Study of Diabetes clinical practice guidelines for nutrition therapy, we conducted an umbrella review and updated systematic review and meta-analysis (SRMA) of prospective cohort studies of the association between dietary pulses with or without other legumes and cardiometabolic disease outcomes. We searched the... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTTo maintain planetary health, human activities must limit the use of Earth's resources within finite boundaries and avoid environmental degradation. At present, food systems account for a substantial use of natural resources and contribute considerably to climate change, degradation of land, water use, and other impacts, which in turn threaten... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - open access
ABSTRACTDietary modifications, including caloric restriction, dietary restriction, various intervals of fasting, and even limiting the time when food is consumed can have a pronounced impact on longevity. In addition, dietary modifications are powerful interventions to delay, prevent, or treat many aging-related diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Restricting amino acid... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTDietary modifications, including caloric restriction, dietary restriction, various intervals of fasting, and even limiting the time when food is consumed can have a pronounced impact on longevity. In addition, dietary modifications are powerful interventions to delay, prevent, or treat many aging-related diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Restricting amino acid... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - open access
ABSTRACTThe aging population is expanding, as is the prevalence of age-related cognitive decline (ARCD). Of the several risk factors that predict the onset and progression of ARCD, 2 important modifiable risk factors are diet and physical activity. Dietary patterns that emphasize plant foods can exert neuroprotective effects. In this comprehensive... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTTo maintain planetary health, human activities must limit the use of Earth's resources within finite boundaries and avoid environmental degradation. At present, food systems account for a substantial use of natural resources and contribute considerably to climate change, degradation of land, water use, and other impacts, which in turn threaten... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTThe relative contributions of meat and plants to the native human diet, and human adaptation to these dietary constituents, are a matter of debate among paleoanthropologists. Indisputable, however, is the imprint of both on the anatomy and physiology of Homo sapiens: our species is constitutionally omnivorous. That means we have... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
The proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition (ICVN), held 26–28 February, 2018 at Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, are presented in this supplement issue of Advances in Nutrition. Proceedings of the previous six congresses have been published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1–6). The... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTLegumes are key components of several plant-based diets and are recognized as having a wide range of potential health benefits. Previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses have summarized the evidence regarding different cardiometabolic outcomes, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), and legume consumption. However, those studies did... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only
ABSTRACTThe sources or types of protein in the diet have long been overlooked regarding their link to cardiometabolic health. The picture is complicated by the fact that animal and plant proteins are consumed along with other nutrients and substances which make up the “protein package” so plant and animal protein... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION - latest issue only