News Oftalmologia

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) causes respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia, and has been reported to cause acute flaccid myelitis. Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is known to cause cardiopulmonary failure due to brainstem encephalitis, but there have been few reports of these conditions being associated with EV-D68. Outbreaks of EV-D68 infection have occurred... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ CASE REPORTS - recent articles
By Yogo, N., Imamura, T., Muto, Y., Hirai, K.
Purpose: To establish normative values of ocular surface parameters in adolescents and explore factors associated with meibomian gland (MG) dropout. Methods: Subjects between 8 and 17 years of age were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. All subjects were given dry eye and lifestyle questionnaires. Tear film assessments and meibography were... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: CORNEA - most viewed articles
Purpose: To objectively and quantitatively characterize meibomian gland morphology and to investigate the influence of morphological variations on gland function and ocular surface and tear film parameters. Methods: One hundred fifty subjects were enrolled. The examinations included tear osmolarity, tear meniscus height, bulbar conjunctival hyperemia, noninvasive tear film breakup time,... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: CORNEA - most viewed articles
Purpose: To investigate changes in the clinical features of patients with dry eye disease (DED) according to short-term outdoor ground-level ozone exposure. Methods: This prospective observational study included patients with DED who were treated with the same topical drugs (0.05% cyclosporine or 3% diquafosol) and visited the hospital twice at... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: CORNEA - most viewed articles
Posterior synechiae are common complications of anterior uveitis, and can result in pupillary seclusion, iris bombé and angle-closure. In this issue of the journal, Betts and associates1 describe their experience in managing such patients. Despite the limitations of a non-randomised, retrospective study, their results support the assumption of many uveitis... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY - online first
By Holland, G. N., Barton, K.
AimTo report efficacy and safety measures for XEN45 in a National Health Service setting after 24-month follow-up.MethodsThis is a retrospective, non-comparative audit of records of patients who underwent XEN45 procedure between June 2015 and May 2017. The main outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction and number of antihypertensive medications... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY - online first
By Gabbay, I. E., Allen, F., Morley, C., Pearsall, T., Bowes, O. M., Ruben, S.
Posterior synechiae are common complications of anterior uveitis, and can result in pupillary seclusion, iris bombé and angle-closure. In this issue of the journal, Betts and associates1 describe their experience in managing such patients. Despite the limitations of a non-randomised, retrospective study, their results support the assumption of many uveitis... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY - online first
By Holland, G. N., Barton, K.
AimTo report efficacy and safety measures for XEN45 in a National Health Service setting after 24-month follow-up.MethodsThis is a retrospective, non-comparative audit of records of patients who underwent XEN45 procedure between June 2015 and May 2017. The main outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction and number of antihypertensive medications... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY - online first
By Gabbay, I. E., Allen, F., Morley, C., Pearsall, T., Bowes, O. M., Ruben, S.
The Andrew Herxheimer memorial lecture at the 2019 Paris general assembly of the International Society of Drug Bulletins, delivered by Alan Cassels (Communications Director, Therapeutics Initiative, University of British Columbia) and Dee Mangin (Professor of Family Medicine at McMaster University), focused on the burden of overprescribing. Both speakers provided a... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: DRUG AND THERAPEUTIC BULLETIN - online first
By Cave, J. A.
Introduction Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is defined as the spontaneous demise of two or more pregnancies before the fetus reaches viability. Despite investigation of multiple known maternal risk factors, in more than 50% of couples, this condition remains unexplained. Studies focusing on paternal factors in RPL are scarce, and therefore,... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - protocol
By du Fosse, N., van der Hoorn, M.-L., Eikmans, M., Heidt, S., le Cessie, S., Mulders, A., van Lith, J., Lashley, E.
Objectives To explore participants’ views of Delphi surveys in core outcome set (COS) development. Study design and setting Patients and health professionals (n=24) from seven recently concluded COS studies that had involved a Delphi survey took part in semistructured qualitative interviews (telephone and email exchange). Interviews explored participants’ understanding of... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Biggane, A. M., Williamson, P. R., Ravaud, P., Young, B.
Recruiting participants into clinical trials is notoriously difficult and poses the greatest challenge when planning any investigative study. Poor recruitment may not only have financial ramifications owing to increased time and resources being spent but could adversely influence the clinical impact of a study if it becomes underpowered. Herein, we... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Ruban, A., Prechtl, C. G., Glaysher, M. A., Chhina, N., Al-Najim, W., Miras, A. D., Smith, C., P Goldstone, A., Patel, M., Moore, M., Ashrafian, H., Byrne, J. P., Teare, J. P.
Purpose The Danish Work Life Course Cohort (DaWCo) was initiated to study relations between working conditions, health and labour market affiliation using repeated measures of these factors throughout the working life, while accounting for health-differences pre-existing labour market entry. Participants The cohort encompasses all 15–30-year-old individuals residing in Denmark who... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Svane-Petersen, A. C., Framke, E., Sorensen, J. K., Rugulies, R., Madsen, I. E. H.
Objectives We aimed to analyse the healthcare seeking behaviours (HSB) of populations with different migration status and examine the relationship between migration status and HSB. Design A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data of China Labor-force Dynamics Survey wave 2016, which was conducted by the Sun Yat-sen University every 2 years... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - recent issues
By Peng, B., Zhang, H., Shi, L., Ling, L.
Introduction The economic and health burden of sexually transmitted and genital infections (henceforth, STIs) in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) is substantial. Left untreated, STIs during pregnancy may result in several adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Timely diagnosis and treatment at point-of-care (POC) can potentially improve these outcomes. Despite the... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Saweri, O. P., Batura, N., Adawiyah, R. a., Causer, L., Pomat, W., Vallely, A., Wiseman, V.
Objectives Greenspace is one of the important factors that can promote an active lifestyle. Thus, greener surroundings may be a motivating factor for people with newly diagnosed diabetes to engage in more physical activity. Given that diagnosis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) may serve as a window opportunity for behavioural... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Chong, S., Mazumdar, S., Ding, D., Morgan, G., Comino, E. J., Bauman, A., Jalaludin, B.