News Medicina del lavoro

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) causes respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia, and has been reported to cause acute flaccid myelitis. Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is known to cause cardiopulmonary failure due to brainstem encephalitis, but there have been few reports of these conditions being associated with EV-D68. Outbreaks of EV-D68 infection have occurred... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 15-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ CASE REPORTS - recent articles
By Yogo, N., Imamura, T., Muto, Y., Hirai, K.
The Andrew Herxheimer memorial lecture at the 2019 Paris general assembly of the International Society of Drug Bulletins, delivered by Alan Cassels (Communications Director, Therapeutics Initiative, University of British Columbia) and Dee Mangin (Professor of Family Medicine at McMaster University), focused on the burden of overprescribing. Both speakers provided a... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: DRUG AND THERAPEUTIC BULLETIN - online first
By Cave, J. A.
Objective ‘Core information sets’ (CISs) represent baseline information, agreed by patients and professionals, to stimulate individualised patient-centred discussions. This study developed a CIS for use before colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery. Design Three phase consensus study: (1) Systematic literature reviews and patient interviews to identify potential information of importance to patients,... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By McNair, A. G. K., Whistance, R. N., Main, B., Forsythe, R., Macefield, R., Rees, J., Pullyblank, A., Avery, K., Brookes, S., Thomas, M. G., Sylvester, P. A., Russell, A., Oliver, A., Morton, D., Kennedy, R., Jayne, D., Huxtable, R., Hackett, R., Dutton, S., Coleman, M. G., Card, M., Brown, J., Blazeby, J.
Objectives We aimed to analyse the healthcare seeking behaviours (HSB) of populations with different migration status and examine the relationship between migration status and HSB. Design A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data of China Labor-force Dynamics Survey wave 2016, which was conducted by the Sun Yat-sen University every 2 years... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Peng, B., Zhang, H., Shi, L., Ling, L.
Introduction Patient-centred infertility care (PCIC) is one of the quality indicators of effective fertility care. The application of this indicator requires a clear definition from the patient’s perspective. This proposed scoping review aims to explore the extent and nature of published scientific literature on PCIC in the past decade, identify... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Webair, H. H., Ismail, T. A. T., Ismail, S. B., Mohd Noor, N.
Introduction Worldwide, 2 million patients aged 18–50 years suffer a stroke each year, and this number is increasing. Knowledge about global distribution of risk factors and aetiologies, and information about prognosis and optimal secondary prevention in young stroke patients are limited. This limits evidence-based treatment and hampers the provision of... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Ekker, M., Jacob, M., van Dongen, M., Aarnio, K., Annamalai, A., Arauz, A., Arnold, M., Barboza, M., Bolognese, M., Brouns, R., Chuluun, B., Chuluunbaatar, E., Dagvajantsan, B., Debette, S., Don, A., Enzinger, C., Ekizoglu, E., Fandler-Höfler, S., Fazekas, F., Fromm, A., Gattringer, T., Gulli, G., Hoffmann, M., Hora, T., Jern, C., Jood, K., Kamouchi, M., Kim, Y. S., Kitazono, T., Kittner, S., Kleinig, T., Klijn, K., Korv, J., Lee, T.-H., Leys, D., Maaijwee, N., Martinez-Majander, N., Marto, J. P., Mehndiratta, M., Mifsud, V., Montanaro, V., Owolabi, M. O., Patel, V., Phillips, M., Piechowski-Iozwiak, B., Pikula, A., Ruiz-Sandoval, J. L., Sarnowski, B., Schreuder, F., Swartz, R., Tan, K., Tanne, D., Tatlisumak, T., Thijs, V., Tuladhar, A., Viana-Baptista, M., Vibo, R., Wu, T., Yesilot, N., Waje-Andreassen, U., Pezzini, A., Putaala, J., de Leeuw, F.-E.
Objectives This study aimed to assess the degree to which the ‘social cure’ model of psychosocial health captures the understandings and experiences of healthcare staff and patients in a social prescribing (SP) pathway and the degree to which these psychosocial processes predict the effect of the pathway on healthcare usage.... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Kellezi, B., Wakefield, J. R. H., Stevenson, C., McNamara, N., Mair, E., Bowe, M., Wilson, I., Halder, M. M.
Introduction Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children in many countries still carries unacceptably high mortality, especially when complicated by secondary infection or metabolic derangements. New therapies are urgently needed and we have identified mucosal healing in the intestine as a potential target for novel treatment approaches. Methods and analysis The... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Kelly, P., Bell, L., Amadi, B., Bwakura-Dangarembizi, M., VanBuskirk, K., Chandwe, K., Chipunza, M., Ngosa, D., Chulu, N., Hill, S., Murch, S., Playford, R., Prendergast, A.
Introduction Two of the most acute and feared complications in type 1 diabetes (T1D) are hypoglycaemia and severe hypoglycaemia (SH). While impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia (IAH) can lead to SH with cognitive and motivational barriers implicated, the available education does not integrate behavioural change techniques to address these. A novel... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Soukup, T., Hull, L., Smith, E. L., Healey, A., Bakolis, I., Amiel, S. A., Sevdalis, N., Group, P.
Objectives Premedication practices for neonatal tracheal intubations have not yet been described for neonatal transport teams. Our objective is to describe the use of sedation/analgesia (SA) for tracheal intubations and to assess its tolerance in neonates transported by medical transport teams in France. Setting This prospective observational study was part... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Carbajal, R., Lode, N., Ayachi, A., Chouakri, O., Henry-Larzul, V., Kessous, K., Normand, A., Courtois, E., Rousseau, J., Cimerman, P., Chabernaud, J.-L.
Background Septic shock is a life-threatening infection frequently responsible for hospital admissions or may be acquired as nosocomial infection in hospitalized patients with resultant significant morbidity and mortality . There is a dearth of data on a résumé and meta-analysis on the global epidemiology of this potentially deadly condition. Therefore,... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Tianyi, F. L., Tochie, J. N., Danwang, C., Mbonda, A., Temgoua, M. N., Mapoh, S. Y., Nkemngu, N. J., Tallah, E., Bigna, J. J.
Objective Low neighbourhood socioeconomic status (NSES) has been linked to a higher risk of overweight/obesity, irrespective of the individual’s own socioeconomic status. No meta-analysis study has been done on the association. Thus, this study was done to synthesise the existing evidence on the association of NSES with overweight, obesity and... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Mohammed, S. H., Habtewold, T. D., Birhanu, M. M., Sissay, T. A., Tegegne, B. S., Abuzerr, S., Esmaillzadeh, A.
Introduction Selective reporting bias, inconsistency in the chosen outcomes between trials and irrelevance of the chosen outcomes for women, limit the efficiency and value of research for prevention and treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). One way to address these challenges is to develop core outcome sets (COSs). Methods and... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Egan, A. M., Dunne, F. P., Biesty, L. M., Bogdanet, D., Crowther, C., Dempsey, E., Thangaratinam, S., Devane, D., Fhelelboom, N., On behalf of the INSPIRED (INternational collaboration for Studies in PREgnacy and Diabetes) research group.
Introduction Depression represents a major public health concern for children and adolescents, and is thought to negatively impact subsequent educational attainment. However, the extent to which depression and educational attainment are directly associated, and whether other factors play a role, is uncertain. Therefore, we aim to systematically review the literature... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Wickersham, A., Epstein, S., Sugg, H. V. R., Stewart, R., Ford, T., Downs, J.
Objective This study aimed to explore the potential for the Waterlow score (WS) to be used as a predictor of 30-day mortality and length of hospital stay (LHS) in acutely admitted medical patients aged 65 years and older. Design Prospective observational cohort study. Setting UK District General Hospital. Subjects 834... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Wang, J. W., Smith, P., Sarker, S.-J., Elands, S., Oliveira, A., Barratt, C., Thorn, C., Holme, T., Lynch, M.
Introduction Rotavirus vaccines were introduced into the Australian National Immunisation Program in 2007. Despite this, Northern Territory Indigenous children continue to be hospitalised with rotavirus at a rate more than 20 times higher than non-Indigenous children in other Australian jurisdictions, with evidence of waning protection in the second year of... Leggi di più
Pubblicato il 14-11-2019
Fonte: BMJ OPEN - current issue only
By Middleton, B. F., Jones, M. A., Waddington, C. S., Danchin, M., McCallum, C., Gallagher, S., Leach, A. J., Andrews, R., Kirkwood, C., Cunliffe, N., Carapetis, J., Marsh, J. A., Snelling, T.